Int. J. of Power and Energy Conversion   »   2012 Vol.3, No.1/2

 

 

Title: Modelling and simulation of faults in synchronous generators for robust numerical protection

 

Authors: Amrita Sinha; D.N. Vishwakarma; R.K. Srivastava

 

Addresses:
Department of Electrical Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, India.
Department of Electrical Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, India.
Department of Electrical Engineering, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, India

 

Abstract: When an internal fault occurs in a synchronous generator, the symmetry between the parallel paths of the winding is broken and different currents flow in them, due to unsymmetrical magnetic linkage between the stator windings. The aim of this paper is to present a simulation model to investigate the effect of internal fault on the parallel path currents of a large synchronous generator using direct phase quantities. This model is based on a modified winding function approach where the machine inductances are calculated directly from the machine winding distribution using machine electrical parameters instead of the geometrical ones. The simulation results for different cases of internal faults in salient-pole and non-salient-pole synchronous machines have been obtained. Salient-pole synchronous generator has wave winding distribution while the non-salient-pole generator has lap winding arrangement. Due to different stator winding arrangements, the two machines have been simulated individually. By using the simulated fault data, a suitable numerical protection scheme for synchronous generators can be developed.

 

Keywords: internal faults; synchronous generators; simulation; modified winding function; parallel windings; modelling; stator windings; numerical protection.

 

DOI: 10.1504/IJPEC.2012.044288

 

Int. J. of Power and Energy Conversion, 2012 Vol.3, No.1/2, pp.111 - 126

 

Date of acceptance: 03 Feb 2011
Available online: 17 Dec 2011

 

 

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