Title: Multitemporal monitoring of water resources degradation at Al-Azraq Oasis, Jordan, using Remote Sensing and GIS techniques
Author: Naser Kloub, Mohammed Matouq, Monzer Krishan, Saeid Eslamian, Monther Abdelhadi
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Technology, Al-Balqa Applied University, P.O. Box 4486, Amman 11131, Jordan.
Faculty of Engineering Technology, Chemical Engineering Department, Al-Balqa Applied University, P.O. Box 4486, Amman 11131, Jordan.
Zarqa University College, Al-Balqa Applied University, P.O. Box 13116 Zarka, Jordan.
Department of Water, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran.
Amman Ahliyya University, Civil Engineering Department, Amman, Jordan
Abstract: The historical topographic maps and satellite images of Al-Azraq Oasis of Jordan were collected from 1953 to 2005. These images are demonstrated for the first time. The satellite land image for 2005 is considered to be the most significant one. This is considered to be the highest level of degradation since 1953. The water degradation in the lake was fitted by linear regression and the best fitting for the calculated surface area for the water can be presented by a polynomial equation.
Keywords: Al-Azraq Oasis; Jordan; GIS; geographic information systems; remote sensing; water resources management; environmental hydrology; arid zones; global warming; topographic maps; satellite images.
Int. J. of Global Warming, 2010 Vol.2, No.1, pp.1 - 16
Available online: 15 Mar 2010