Title: An eco-efficiency analysis of the snowboard manufacturing industry
Author: Justin M. Walsh, Gangaram Singh
College of Business Administration, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, CA 92182, USA.
Department of Management, College of Business Administration, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, CA 92182, USA
Abstract: This paper examines the eco-efficiency of the snowboard manufacturing industry and how it relates to global warming, increasing climactic volatility and reductions in snowfall worldwide. Our data, and subsequent analysis, illustrate the current eco-efficiency activity within a sample group of snowboard brands headquartered throughout North America and Europe. Though the sample group exhibited an overall eco-efficiency activity level of 'informed', the primary data show an industry wide need for standardisation and implementation of comprehensive environmental management systems and all-encompassing life-cycle assessments. With the ultimate goal of industry wide sustainable development and cradle-to-cradle design, we conclude with a list of current and prospective best practices throughout the global snow sports industry.
Keywords: eco-efficiency; snowboard manufacture; sustainable development; snow sports; climate change; snowboarding; sustainability; global warming; environmental management systems; EMS; life cycle assessment; LCA.
Int. J. of Sustainable Society, 2009 Vol.1, No.4, pp.364 - 382
Available online: 11 Oct 2009