Title: The role of international standards in removing barriers to trade and assisting developing countries
Author: Derek G. Spickernell
Address: Director General, British Standards Institution, 2 Park Street, London W1A 2BS, UK
Abstract: International standards result from the voluntary efforts of national standards bodies within the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). They facilitate communication, promote economic production, protect consumer interests, safeguard the quality of life and serve to overcome trade barriers caused by divergent national practices. Standards rely on consensus. Their planning involves careful selection of priorities and realistic programming with a view to timely application. The requirements of any national or international standard should be capable of being satisfied in any country. Standards may be made compulsory through legislation or acknowledged as means of compliance with it. United Nations bodies have called upon governments to legislate by reference to international standards, in order to avoid creating barriers to trade. Developing countries nowadays have an influential voice in ISO. Their use of international standards can facilitate technology transfer, assist in the ordering of foreign products and equipment, and enhance their growing role in world trade. (This is the first of a short series of papers on standards and standardization.)
Keywords: British Standards Institution; BSI; free trade; International Electrotechnical Commission; IEC; International Organization for Standardization; ISO; international standards; national standards; trade barriers; developing countries; technology transfer.
Int. J. of Technology Management, 1986 Vol.1, No.1/2, pp.197 - 208
Available online: 27 May 2009