Int. J. of Technology Management   »   1988 Vol.3, No.4



Title: International cooperation in science and technology: classical options and new opportunities for Africa


Author: Klaus-Heinrich Standke


Address: Principal Director for Operational Activities, Science Sector, UNESCO, Paris; formerly Director, Office for Science and Technology, United Nations, New York, USA


Abstract: The First Congress in African Scientists was held in June 1987. This paper. presented at the Congress, reviews the international and regional efforts being made to assist the development of science and technology in Africa. One problem addressed by the author is the relatively low percentage of GNP expended by African nations on research and development, compared to the developed countries. Another is the extent to which developed countries may be expected to finance science and technology programmes in Africa.


Keywords: international cooperation; science and technology; development finance; Africa; research and development; R&D.


DOI: 10.1504/IJTM.1988.025980


Int. J. of Technology Management, 1988 Vol.3, No.4, pp.439 - 460


Available online: 26 May 2009



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