Proceedings of the International Conference
I W S S I P   2005

22 - 24 September 2005, Chalkida Greece
(from Chapter 1: Invited Addresses and Tutorials on Signals, Coding, Systems and Intelligent Techniques)

 Full Citation and Abstract

0 Title: Digital Image Watermarking in Wavelet Domain based on FSK Modulation
  Author(s): Ashgar Beheshti, Ahmad Yaghoobi, Masoud Ghoreishi
  Address: Department of Electrical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
abeheshti @
  Reference: SSIP-SP1, 2005  pp. 263 - 267
In this paper a new image watermarking algorithm based on the FSK modulation in wavelet domain is proposed. Two dimensional FSK modulator produce proper pattern due to the level and the direction of each subband. These patterns are locally inserted in each subband by spread spectrum and substitution techniques. Local properties of image in wavelet domain including edges and busy textures are used for adaptive watermarking to improve the robustness. This algorithm is suitable for blind detecting the watermarked data and doesn't need the coupling parameter either. The results show that the algorithm is robust for the image processing attacks such as adding noise, low pass and median filtering, scaling and cropped image.
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